Molecular Typing of Acinetobacter Baumannii Clinical Strains in Tehran by Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis

Farahani, Neda and Mirnejad, Reza and Ahmadi, Zeinab and Amirmozafari, Nour and Masjedian, Faramarz (2013) Molecular Typing of Acinetobacter Baumannii Clinical Strains in Tehran by Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis. Journal of Fasa University of Medical Sciences, 2 (4). pp. 259-265.

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Abstract

Background & Objective : Currently, Acinetobacter baumannii is an important nosocomial pathogen insofar as its hospital outbreaks have been described from various geographical areas. Since the discrimination of strains within a species is important for delineating nosocomial outbreaks, this study was conducted with the aim of genotyping the A. baumannii clinical strains in Tehran via the pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) method, which is the most accurate method used for the typing of bacterial species. Materials & methods: This study was performed on 70 isolates of acinetobacter baumannii isolated from patients from Baqiyatallah, Rasoole Akram, and Milad hospitals in Tehran. Cultural and biochemical methods were used for the identification of the isolates in species level, and then susceptibility tests were carried out on 50 isolates of A. baumannii using the disk diffusion method. The PFGE method was performed on the isolates by Apa I restriction enzyme. Finally, the results of the PFGE were analyzed. Result: Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from hospitals in Tehran showed seven different genetic patterns, two of which were sporadic . Also, genotypic profiles were different in each hospital, and different patterns of genetic resistance to common antibiotics were observed. Conclusion: A lthough diversity was observed among the strains of A. baumannii by the PFGE method in Tehran, no epidemic strains were found among them.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), Acinetobacter baumannii, Genotyping
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email eprints@fums.ac.ir
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2017 09:25
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 09:25
URI: http://eprints.fums.ac.ir/id/eprint/817

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