Dietary inflammatory index and metabolic syndrome in Iranian population (Fasa Persian Cohort Study)

Ariya, M. and Shahraki, H.R. and Farjam, M. and Ehrampoush, E. and Bahramali, E. and Homayounfar, R. and Shivappa, N. and Hebert, J.R. (2020) Dietary inflammatory index and metabolic syndrome in Iranian population (Fasa Persian Cohort Study). Scientific Reports.

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Abstract

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is one of the risk factors for all causes of mortality. Inflammation is an important risk factor for MetS. The present cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the relationship between MetS and pro-inflammatory diet by using the food inflammation index (DII). This study consists of 10,017 participants with an age range of 35 to 70 years. The Fasa Cohort Study (FACS) population (Fars Province, Iran) was used to collect data. The DII was estimated according to Shivappa et al. method using a validated 125-item FFQ. To determine the association between MetS components and DII Logistic regression was used (P > 0.05). The overall mean of DII was � 0.89 ± 1.74. However, adjusted multinomial logistic regression indicates each unit increase in waist circumference (WC) (OR 0.98, 95 CI 0.96�0.99) and HDL-C (OR 0.99, 95 CI 0.98�0.99) was associated with significantly decreased odds of being in the 4th DII quartile in men and all participations respectively, there is no statistically significant relationship between MetS and DII. Overall, although people in the highest quartile of inflammatory food consumption had more likely to develop MetS, this relationship was not statistically significant among males and females. © 2020, The Author(s).

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email eprints@fums.ac.ir
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2020 07:38
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2020 07:38
URI: http://eprints.fums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2739

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