Waist circumference is a mediator of dietary pattern in Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Ghaemi, Alireza and Hosseini, Narjes and Osati, Saeed and Naghizadeh, Mohammad Mehdi and Dehghan, Azizallah and Ehrampoush, Elham and Honarvar, Behnam and Homayounfar, Reza Waist circumference is a mediator of dietary pattern in Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 8.

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Abstract

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an example of pathological fat accumulation in the liver and one of the major health conditions in the world. This study aimed to examine the independent role of dietary patterns in the development of NAFLD. In a cross-sectional study, 1500 individuals referred to a nutrition clinic were randomly selected, their demographic, anthropometric and blood metabolic indices were obtained, and food frequency questionnaires were completed for them. Liver stiffness was calculated using the NAFLD score formula and fibroscan. The two dominant dietary patterns identified were the ``healthy'' and ``unhealthy dietary patterns''. A significant percentage of those with NAFLD (45%) were in the upper quartile of the unhealthy model; however, only 10% had the healthy pattern (p < 0.001). In this study, 32.9 and 13.9% of the healthy and unhealthy participants were in the upper quartile of the healthy diet pattern. Also, it was shown that waist circumference is a strong mediator of dietary patterns and NAFLD relationship, and the indirect effect of diet through abdominal circumference is 28 times greater than the direct effect on NAFLD. The results suggested that healthy and unhealthy dietary patterns are respectively associated with lower-and higher-risk of NAFLD but the role of waist circumference as a mediator deserves more consideration.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WD Nutrition and Metabolic diseases
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email eprints@fums.ac.ir
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2019 04:49
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2019 04:49
URI: http://eprints.fums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2410

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