Adverse drug reactions reporting: Pharmacists' knowledge, attitude and practice in Shiraz, Iran

Afifi, S. and Maharloui, N. and Peymani, P. and Namazi, S. and Gharaei, A.G. and Jahani, P. and Lankarani, K.B. (2014) Adverse drug reactions reporting: Pharmacists' knowledge, attitude and practice in Shiraz, Iran. International Journal of Risk and Safety in Medicine, 26 (3). pp. 139-145.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: While yellow card reporting system has started in 1998 in Iran, the ADR reporting rate is very low. OBJECTIVE: In order to explore whether the Iranian Pharmacovigilance system could be modified, and to determine reasons for under-reporting, a study to investigate the role of pharmacists in ADR reporting was done in Shiraz. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between January and June 2013 in Shiraz, Iran. After describing the study and its goal for each participant, oral consent was taken. RESULTS: 100 out of 120 pharmacists (83.3) agreed to participate in the interview. 79 out of 100 respondents were working in private pharmacies, 7 in governmental pharmacies, and 3 in pharmacies located in hospitals. Although level of knowledge regarding ADR was low among pharmacists, all of them admitted that paying attention to ADRs and timely reporting is very important. While 6 (6) pharmacists thought that they had been taught too much about ADR in the university, 30 believed that it was enough, 41 claimed that it was not satisfactory and 23 admitted that it was little. CONCLUSIONS: Our pharmacists have little knowledge about the process, goal, and importance of ADR spontaneous reporting system. Otherwise, education and training courses will be important in maintaining, improving and enhancing ADR reports by pharmacists. © 2014 - IOS Press and the authors.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 5
Uncontrolled Keywords: Article; cross-sectional study; curriculum; drug surveillance program; female; government; hospital pharmacy; human; Iran; knowledge; major clinical study; male; pharmacist attitude; professional practice; structured questionnaire; training; attitude to health; awareness; drug surveillance program; health personnel attitude; pharmacist; professional standard; statistics and numerical data, Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems; Attitude of Health Personnel; Awareness; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Humans; Iran; Male; Pharmacists; Pharmacovigilance; Professional Role
Divisions: School of Medicine
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email eprints@fums.ac.ir
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2017 17:29
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2017 17:29
URI: http://eprints.fums.ac.ir/id/eprint/180

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